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Brucellosis in Dogs: 12 Symptoms and Treatments


Canine brucellosis is a contagious bacterial infection that affects a dog’s reproductive organs, or impedes its ability to reproduce. The disease is spread through direct contact with bodily fluids that contain the infectious bacteria. This group of sources primarily includes reproductive fluids, but saliva and urine can both contain smaller amounts of disease-causing germs. As such, they can also be the source of brucellosis infection. Sexual contact and inhalation of contaminated bodily fluids are the two main ways in which brucellosis spreads among dogs.

Symptoms of Brucellosis in Dogs

Brucellosis may be asymptomatic, or symptoms may not appear until your dog attempts to reproduce. When symptoms are present, they often include one or more of the following (note: treatment options are listed after the 8 symptoms below):

Symptom: Loss of Energy

Whatever the source, bacterial infections tend to have a noticeable and negative impact on a dog’s energy levels. After it firsts contracts the infection, your dog may experience a prolonged period of lethargy, or loss of energy. This symptom is non-specific and therefore difficult to associate specifically with brucellosis, and it is best considered an indicator that any number of health issues might be affecting your pet.

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