Home » Diet and Nutrition News & Advice » Celiac Disease Linked To Diabetic Retinopathy

Celiac Disease Linked To Diabetic Retinopathy


Link between long-term celiac disease and diabetic retinopathy discovered. A team of six researchers from Sweden and the UK recently investigated the link between celiac disease and diabetic retinopathy (DRP) in patients with T1D. The researchers carried out a population-based cohort study, identifying 41,566 patients who were diagnosed with diabetes between 1964 and 2009 while under the age of 30 in the Swedish National Patient Register. Referring to biopsy reports obtained from all 28 of Sweden’s pathology departments, the researchers defined cases of celiac disease based on the presence of villous atrophy (Marsh stage 3) in small intestinal biopsies performed between 1969 and 2008.

In follow-up, 947 T1D patients with celiac disease were discovered. Cox regression analysis was used, with celiac disease set as a time-dependent covariate to estimate adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) for DRP in patients with T1D and celiac disease, and a comparison was made with patients that had T1D but did not have celiac disease.
 The results showed that the longer the patients had celiac disease, the higher their risk of DRP. 

Once the results were adjusted based on time after celiac disease diagnosis, it was found that patients with T1D and celiac disease had a lower risk of DRP in the first 5 years after their celiac disease diagnosis (aHR 0.57 [95% CI 0.36–0.91]), and a neutral risk in years 5 to 10. 
From 10 and 15 years following diagnosis, patients with coexisting celiac disease showed a risk of 2.83 for DRP [95% CI 1.95–4.11]. Beyond 15 years after follow-up, this went up to a risk rate of 3.01 [1.43–6.32]. 

On this basis, the team concluded that having celiac disease for more than 10 years is a risk factor for the development of DRP in patients with T1D, and noted that doctors should strictly monitor for DRP in patients with long-standing celiac disease and T1D.

Source: celiac.com

ADVERTISEMENT

We Recommend

More on ActiveBeat
  • Arthritis Diet: 7 Worst Foods to Eat
    Arthritis is a general term used to describe a variety of conditions that are primarily characterized by joint pain and inflammation.
    Diet and Nutrition News & Advice
  • 12 Causes and Symptoms of a Vitamin D Deficiency
    Often referred to as the sunshine vitamin, vitamin D is made within the body when your skin is exposed to sunlight.
    Diet and Nutrition News & Advice
  • Crohn's Disease Diet: 7 Foods to Avoid
    Crohn’s disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease that affects the small intestine, which WebMD says can make it “hard to digest and absorb key nutrients from food,”...
    Diet and Nutrition News & Advice
  • Breaking Down 7 Reasons for a High Liver Enzyme Count
    So your doctor has told you that you have a high liver enzyme count...now what? It could be associated with a disease or another health problem, but a doctor will be the one to...
    Diet and Nutrition News & Advice
  • 10 Surprising Places You'll Find 'Hidden' Gluten
    The gluten-free trend forges on and many people are choosing this as an alternative diet, and not just those who suffer from Celiac disease.
    Diet and Nutrition News & Advice
  • Infographic: Rising Popularity of the Gluten-Free Diet
    Many of us realize that a "gluten free" label doesn't automatically mean healthy. Yet for roughly 5-percent of population with celiac disease (or a gluten intolerance) staying...
    Diet and Nutrition News & Advice
  • 7 Ailments more Likely to Affect Women than Men
    As it turns out, some diseases and disorders pick sides when it comes to men and women. This can be due to hormonal differences between men and women, or other physiological...
    Diet and Nutrition News & Advice
  • 12 Causes of Left Lower Quadrant Pain in Men and Women
    Abdominal pain is a common ailment that just about everyone will experience at least once in his or her lifetime.
    Diet and Nutrition News & Advice
  • Diabetes Diet: 12 Offenders and Their Healthier Alternatives
    Diabetes – it's a disease that affects more than 100-million Americans (as diabetes and prediabetes), according to a 2017 report from the Centers for Disease Control and...
    Diet and Nutrition News & Advice
  • 15 Diabetes Friendly Snacks For Noshing
    Many of us take the often mindless ease of snacking for granted. If you have type I or type II diabetes, the American Diabetes Association claims that planning is vital for...
    Diet and Nutrition News & Advice
  • 8 Celebrities Who Have Spoken Out About Managing Diabetes
    Diseases are no respecter of person, and celebrities certainly aren't immune to contracting, or developing diseases and ailments.
    Diet and Nutrition News & Advice
  • 10 Herbs and Spices that Fight Diabetes
    Diabetes is a rising health concern in the Western world. For those who have been diagnosed with either type 1 or type 2 diabetes, maintaining normal blood sugar levels is both...
    Diet and Nutrition News & Advice
  • 6 Precursors to Prediabetes
    While diabetes is very prevalent in the U.S.—the American Diabetes Association claims more than 9-percent of the population was diagnosed with the disease as of 2012—there are...
    Diet and Nutrition News & Advice
  • 6 Shocking Stats on Diabetes Prevalence Around the World
    Diabetes. It's a word everyone has heard, whether they have it or someone they know has it.
    Diet and Nutrition News & Advice
  • 6 Sweet Ways to Manage Diabetes Over the Holidays
    The holiday season is a very tempting time of your to fill your mouth with empty carbohydrates and sweets, which can be unhealthy especially if you have diabetes.
    Diet and Nutrition News & Advice